Scientific name: Menidia beryllina
Common name: Inland silverside
Physical description: Adult Menidia beryllina attain a total length of up to 117 mm. Females are generally slightly larger than males.
Ecology: Silversides occur in estuaries along the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts.
Uses in Aquatic Toxicology: Menidia beryllina are the current EPA-approved marine vertebrate used in both acute and chronic toxicity testing. In acute toxicity testing, one to 14 day-olds are used and survival is recorded. In chronic toxicity testing, seven to eleven-day olds are used and survival and growth are recorded.
Other Uses: Silversides have been used as a forage species for game fish and as a biological control for reducing gnat and midge populations. They are also often used as a bait fish.
Menidia beryllina at the USDA
Inland silverside (Menidia beryllina) Toxicity Studies